július 21st, 2011
The org domain was one of the original top-level domains, with com, edu, gov, mil and net, established in January 1985. It was originally intended for non-profit organizations or organizations of a non-commercial character that did not meet the requirements for other gTLDs. The MITRE Corporation was the first group to register an org domain with
mitre.org in July 1985.
Registrations in the org are processed via accredited registrars worldwide. Anyone can register an org second-level domain. Although org was recommended for non-commercial entities, there are no restrictions to registration. There are many instances of org being used by commercial sites. org was also commonly used by individuals, although name and info are now alternatives. According to the ICANN Dashboard (Domain Name) report, the composition of org is diverse, including cultural institutions, associations, sports/teams, religious, civic, open source software, such as Wiki, Drupal, Joomla, schools, environmental initiatives, social/fraternal organizations, health, legal services, clubs and community volunteer groups. There are also cases where companies or organizations have created sites under org for crisis management.
Although organizations anywhere in the world may register org domains, many countries, for example, Australia (au), Japan (jp), and the United Kingdom (uk), have a second-level domain with a similar purpose under their own country code top-level domain (ccTLD). Such second-level domains are usually named org or or.
The org domain registry allows the registration of selected internationalized domain names (IDNs) as second-level domains. For German, Danish, Hungarian, Icelandic, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, and Swedish IDNs this has been possible since 2005. Spanish IDN registrations have been possible since 2007.
On June 2, 2009, The Public Interest Registry announced that the org domain is the first generic top-level domain and the largest registry overall that has signed its DNS zone with Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC). This allows the verification of the origin authenticity and integrity of DNS data by conforming DNS clients.
As of June 23, 2010, DNSSEC was enabled for individual second-level domains, starting with 13 registrars.
In addition to its wide use in charitable fields, the org domain is often preferred by projects in the free software movement. Many political parties and support groups use org.
Source : www.wikipedia.org